The aim of this talk series is to shine light on and support early-career researchers and underrepresented groups by providing a platform for their work and increasing networking opportunities.
These talks are open to all, advertised on World Wide Neuro, and will be made publicly available where possible (see links to previous talks below).
Drop me a line if you are interested in contributing.
11.03.2021 | 16h CET – A Manifesto for Big Team Science
Speaker: Patrick S Forscher(Université Grenoble Alpes)
Abstract: Progress in psychology has been frustrated by challenges concerning replicability, generalizability, strategy selection, inferential reproducibility, and computational reproducibility. Although often discussed separately, I argue that these five challenges share a common cause: insufficient investment of resources into the typical psychology study. I further suggest that big team science can help address these challenges by allowing researchers to pool their resources to efficiently and drastically increase the amount of resources available for a single study. However, the current incentives, infrastructure, and institutions in academic science have all developed under the assumption that science is conducted by solo Principal Investigators and their dependent trainees. These barriers must be overcome if big team science is to be sustainable. Big team science likely also carries unique risks, such as the potential for big team science institutions to monopolize power, become overly conservative, make mistakes at a grand scale, or fail entirely due to mismanagement and a lack of financial sustainability. I illustrate the promise, barriers, and risks of big team science with the experiences of the Psychological Science Accelerator, a global research network of over 1400 members from 70+ countries.
18.03.2021 | 16h CET – Accuracy versus consistency: Investigating face and voice matching abilities
Speaker: Robin Kramer (University of Lincoln)
Abstract: Deciding whether two different face photographs or voice samples are from the same person represent fundamental challenges within applied settings. To date, most research has focussed on average performance in these tests, failing to consider individual differences and within-person consistency in responses. In the current studies, participants completed the same face or voice matching test on two separate occasions, allowing comparison of overall accuracy across the two timepoints as well as consistency in trial-level responses. In both experiments, participants were highly consistent in their performances. In addition, we demonstrated a large association between consistency and accuracy, with the most accurate participants also tending to be the most consistent. This is an important result for applied settings in which organisational groups of super-matchers are deployed in real-world contexts. Being able to reliably identify these high performers based upon only a single test informs regarding recruitment for law enforcement agencies worldwide.
25.03.2021 | 16h CET – TBA
Speaker: Nico Broers (Westfälische Wilhelms-Universität Münster)
Abstract: State-of-the-art machine vision models can predict human recognition memory for complex scenes with astonishing accuracy. In this talk I present work that investigated how memorable scenes are actually remembered and experienced by human observers. We found that memorable scenes were recognized largely based on recollection of specific episodic details but also based on familiarity for an entire scene. I thus highlight current limitations in machine vision models emulating human recognition memory, with promising opportunities for future research. Moreover, we were interested in what observers specifically remember about complex scenes. We thus considered the functional role of eye-movements as a window into the content of memories, particularly when observers recollected specific information about a scene. We found that when observers formed a memory representation that they later recollected (compared to scenes that only felt familiar), the overall extent of exploration was broader, with a specific subset of fixations clustered around later to-be-recollected scene content, irrespective of the memorability of a scene. I discuss the critical role that our viewing behavior plays in visual memory formation and retrieval and point to potential implications for machine vision models predicting the content of human memories.
01.04.2021 | 16h CET – TBA
Speaker: Robert McIntosh (University of Edinburgh)
15.04.2021 | 16h CET – The recent history of the replication crisis in psychology & how Open Science can be part of the solution
Speaker: Julia Beitner (Goethe University Frankfurt)
Abstract: In recent years, more and more evidence has accumulated showing that many studies in psychological research cannot be replicated, effects are often overestimated, and little is publicly known about unsuccessful studies. What are the mechanisms behind this crisis? In this talk, I will explain how we got there and why it is still difficult to break free from the current system. I will further explain which role Open Science plays within the replication crisis and how it can help to improve science. This might sound like a pessimistic, negative talk, but I will end it on a positive note, I promise!
22.04.2021 | 16h CET – Beyond visual search: studying visual attention with multitarget visual foraging tasks
Speaker: Jérôme Tagu (University of Bordeaux)
Abstract: Visual attention refers to a set of processes allowing selection of relevant and filtering out of irrelevant information in the visual environment. A large amount of research on visual attention has involved visual search paradigms, where observers are asked to report whether a single target is present or absent. However, recent studies have revealed that these classic single-target visual search tasks only provide a snapshot of how attention is allocated in the visual environment, and that multitarget visual foraging tasks may capture the dynamics visual attention more accurately. In visual foraging, observers are asked to select multiple instances of multiple target types, as fast as they can. A critical question in foraging research concerns the factors driving the next target selection. Most likely, this would require two steps: (1) identifying a set of candidates for the next selection, and (2) selecting the best option among these candidates. After having briefly described the advantage of visual foraging over visual search, I will review recent visual foraging studies testing the influence of several manipulations (e.g., target crypticity, number of items, selection modality) on foraging behaviour. Overall, these studies revealed that the next target selection during visual foraging is determined by the competition between three factors: target value, target proximity, and priming of features. I will explain how the analysis of individual differences in foraging behaviour can provide important information, with the idea that individuals show by-default internal biases toward value, proximity and priming that determine their search strategy and behaviour.
06.05.2021 | 16h CET – TBA
Speaker: Alasdair Clarke (University of Essex)
20.05.2021 | 16h CET – Lessons from the credibility revolution – social thermoregulation as a case study
Speaker: Hans Rocha IJzerman (Université Grenoble Alpes)
Abstract: The goal of this talk is to first provide a realization of why the replication crisis is omnipresent and then point to several tools via which the listener can improve their own work. To do so, I will go through our own work on social thermoregulation, point out why I thought changes were necessary, discuss which shortcomings we have in our own work, which measures we have taken to reduce those shortcomings, which tools we have relied on to do so, and which steps I believe we still need to make. Specifically, I will go through the following points:
(1) Major replication failures and data fabrication in the field of psychology
(2) Replication failures of social thermoregulation studies
(3) Realization that many of our studies were underpowered
(4) Realization that many of our studies were very narrow in scope (i.e., in undergraduate students and mostly in EU/US)
(5) Realization that a lot of our measures were not independently validated
I will show these for our own work (but will also show why, via a meta-analysis, we have enough confidence to proceed with social thermoregulation research).
Throughout the talk I will point you to the following tools that facilitate our work:
(a) Templates for exploratory and confirmatory research and for meta-analyses (developed for our work, but easily adaptable for other programs). I will also show you how to fork our templates.
(b) A lab philosophy
(c) A research milestones sheet for collaborations and overviews
(d) Excel sheet for contributorship
(e) A tutorial for exploratory research
I would recommend listeners to read through this chapter before the talk (I will repeat a lot of that work, but I will go into greater depth).
30.09.2021 | 16h CET – TBA
Speaker: Clare Sutherland (University of Aberdeen)
21.10.2020 – Age-Related Differences in the Relationship Between Eye Movement Behaviour and Facial Recognition Memory | Negar Mazloum-Farzaghi (University of Toronto & Rotman Research Institute)
12.11.2020 – Evidence for atypical semantic visual salience in Super Recognizers | Marcel Linka (University of Giessen)
20.11.2020 – The intersection of perceptual decision-making, reading, consumer psychology and dyslexia – a multi-method approach | Léon Franzen (Concordia University)
26.11.2020 – Faces are made of this… Sensitivity to Orientation when processing faces | Valerie Goffaux (Université catholique de Louvain)
01.12.2020 – Is it Autism or Alexithymia? explaining atypical socioemotional processing | Hélio Clemente Cuve (University of Oxford)
07.01.2021 – Reproducible EEG from raw data to publication figures | Cyril Pernet (University of Edinburgh)
14.01.2021 – What is serially-dependent perception good for? | Mauro Manassi (University of Aberdeen)
21.01.2021 – Intra- and interindividual differences in person perception | Maximilian Broda (University of Giessen)
28.01.2021 – Selective modulation of connectivity in the speech network by electric brain stimulation | Basil Preisig (University of Zürich)
11.02.2021 – Identifying Avatars of Real People | Matt Fysh (University of Kent)
18.02.2021 – Algorithmic advances in face matching: Stability of tests in atypical groups | Mirta Stantic (University of Oxford)
25.02.2021 – Markers of brain connectivity and sleep-dependent restoration: basic research and translation into clinical populations | Valeria Jaramillo (University Hospital Zurich)